Choi Hong-Hee (1818-2002), General, President of the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF). The founder of Taekwondo and one of the founders of the Korean Army. Contemporary calligraphers are also patriotic democrats who oppose dictatorships. Although he is not tall, he has a tenacious will and lofty conviction, and contributes everything to popularizing Taekwondo. Currently, General Cui Hongxi leads the International Taekwondo Federation with more than 120 member countries and regions around the world.
The person who created a martial arts martial art must have its corresponding charm. General Cui Hongxi after a long period of unremitting efforts
Strength and firm conviction, developed the previously unknown Taekwondo into a martial art of self-defense in line with the taste of modern people. He studied Korean classic martial arts and karate but created a completely different martial arts. Taekwondo is a perfect combination of the original technical system and the crystallization of Eastern thought. It is not only easy to learn and understand but also transcends its own country and has developed into martial arts worldwide. Its foot skills are no different from any other fighting technology. It's completely original.
Cui Hongxi was born on November 9, 1918, in a remote place in North Hamgyong Province, and his parents often worried him because of his infirmity. However, he had a strong and strong personality and patriotism at his young age. When he was twelve years old, the elementary school he was attending suspended him from school for reasons of resistance to the Japanese government. This can also be said to be the aftermath of the rebellion of the famous Korean students in Gwangju.
Thereafter, his father took him to Mr. Han Yidong, a famous calligrapher on the Korean peninsula, to learn calligraphy. Mr. Han was not only a famous calligrapher at the time, but also quite accomplished in classical Korean martial arts. Mr. Han saw that the new apprentice was weak, so he taught him some classical Korean martial arts while teaching him to improve his health.
Study in Japan
To receive modern education in 1937, young Cui Hongxi went to Japan. During his studies in Kyoto, Japan, he learned karate from his predecessor, Kim. Since then, he has practiced for less than two years, fully showing his enthusiasm and fighting spirit. He then went to Chuo University in Japan after completing a year and a half of preparatory school in Tokyo, and at the same time he practiced karate more seriously. Soon, I got the second paragraph and started teaching karate to many colleagues and alumni at the university and YMCA.
World War II
In World War II, Cui Hongxi's youth were forcibly recruited into the Japanese Army and assigned to 42 troops in Pyongyang. Enthusiastic, in order to carry out the national struggle and fight for the leading uprising, he used karate to compete with two masters of Judo 4th and 5th in the barracks. As a result, he completely defeated two Judo masters with only one hit. As a result, he gained control of launching the uprising of the famous Pyongyang student soldiers and received responses from many student soldiers who secretly prepared the uprising riots.
Unexpectedly, their activities were discovered a few days before the uprising, which unfortunately killed the student soldier uprising to change Japanese rule. Cui Hongxi's youth was imprisoned in the Army Criminal Division and had been pending for eight months. During this period, as the mastermind of the incident and a master of karate, he was held in prison for nearly a month, suffering physical and mental torture. Despite being a repeat offender, he not only secretly performed karate demonstrations in front of guards and colleagues; he also often instructed watchers who sneaked into cells, almost turning the whole penal office into a dojo. After the defeat of Japan in the Second World War, the young Cui Hongxi, who was sentenced to 7 years in prison and endured by prison, was set free on August 16, 11945. He then went to Seoul (Seoul) to organize a student corps.
Korean Army Experience
On January 15, 1946, as one of the founders of the Korean Army, he was appointed second lieutenant. For him, this was the real beginning of the life of the soldier, and the army also became his base for Taekwondo to develop around the world. Since then, he has used Korean classic martial arts and karate as references, and has laid the foundation for today's Taekwondo after repeated research and practice.
In April 1946 he was promoted to lieutenant. During this period, he not only taught Korean soldiers, but even the American forces living nearby began to learn his new martial arts.
In 1947 he was promoted to captain and major, and served as intelligence and military staff in the Army headquarters. At the same time, he introduced his new martial arts to the American Gendarmerie School in Seoul.
After he was promoted to university in 1949, he attended the advanced military class at the US Army Comprehensive School. There he also introduced his new martial arts to his colleagues.
After returning to China in 1950, he was responsible for intelligence work in the area ahead, and developed the South Korean Army's original intelligence specification system.
The Army Comprehensive School was established in Busan in 1951, and he served as vice president and professor. In the same year, he was promoted to Major General.
1953 was the most memorable year of General Cui Hongxi's military career. Because he created 29 divisions and received the help of Mr. Nan Taixi, he trained the backbone personnel who popularized Taekwondo in the whole army.
In 1954, General Cui founded the Wudao Pavilion, which teaches Taekwondo. In the same year, he was elected as the honorary curator of the largest and most traditional Chiang Dao Museum in Korea at that time, and directly directed the Chiang Dao Museum.
In early 1955, General Cui created the Third Army to create a favorable environment for the popularization of Taekwondo.
The birth of Taekwondo
On April 11, 1955, a name-making committee composed of famous people from all walks of life unanimously adopted the word "Taekwon" proposed by General Cui among everyone's anonymous names. As a result, Taekwondo was created. Various martial arts with different names such as Tangshou, empty-handed, boxing, and Korean classical martial arts are unified as Taekwondo. Since then, he really started the cause of popularizing Taekwondo. After his unremitting efforts, Taekwondo was not only popularized in the entire army, but also established in various universities.
In March 1959, General Cui Hongxi led the Korean National Taekwondo team to perform in Vietnam and Taiwan. This was the first time Taekwondo went out of South Korea. After the performance, he returned to South Korea. At that time, Taiwan media reporters knew nothing about Taekwondo. Call this Korean martial art
On September 3, 1959, General Choi ’s long-awaited Korean Taekwondo Association was established, and he became president. Since then, he has really started the business of popularizing Taekwondo in Korean society. Although various martial arts before the unification of Taekwondo continued to resist Taekwondo, this did not shake General Choi ’s enthusiasm for popularizing Taekwondo. At that time he once again realized that he would leave Taekwondo with excellent technique and lofty spirit for future generations. Since then, he has started further research and improvement in two areas: basic technology and spiritual cultivation.
In 1961, General Park Jung-hee and other young men launched a military coup. Although General Cui Hongxi supported and helped his descendant, General Park Jung-hee, there were differences in the ideas of running the country. This division gradually evolved into a confrontation between the two as General Park Jung-hei's military regime continued to consolidate. The upright General Cui maintained the independence of the soldiers and the purity and justice of Taekwondo under pressure.
In 1962, General Choi was dispatched to Malaysia as the first generation of South Korean ambassadors.
After returning to China in late 1964, General Cui fought resolutely with various resistance forces in order to save the dead Taekwondo.
In 1965, General Choi became the president of the Korean Taekwondo Association. Later, Cui Hongxi, who was promoted to two-star general, led the Taekwondo delegation of the Korean government and visited Germany, Italy, Turkey, Egypt, Malaysia from Asia and Singapore. Their wonderful performances laid the foundation for the establishment of Taekwondo Associations in various countries.
On March 22, 1966, nine international associations of South Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Germany, the United States, Turkey, Italy, and Egypt officially established the International Taekwondo Federation (ITF) in Seoul. General Cui was elected president. In order to popularize Taekwondo, General Cui cherished the time of one minute and one second, and was engaged in the promotion of Taekwondo by all the countries and countries in the world.
In 1972, due to political disagreements with President Park Jung-hee, General Cui Hongxi left South Korea and went into exile in Canada until his death. In order to resist the development of the International Taekwondo Federation, President Park Jung Hee established the World Taekwondo Federation in 1973 and appointed Jin Yunlong as its president. On the one hand, President Park Jung-he ordered the intelligence department to unscrupulously attack and persecute General Cui, on the other hand, he used various positions and Ronghua to lure General Cui. However, their strikes and temptations did not conquer General Cui's will. In his 80s, General Cui lived in Toronto, Canada. He is still concerned about the development of Taekwondo, and he even teaches Taekwondo in person from all over the world. When he teaches, he does demonstration exercises himself. He often suffers from excessive fatigue. Forced to rest.
In early 2002, he went to Pyongyang for surgery due to stomach cancer. Soon after completing the gastric cancer surgery, Cui Hongxi flew from Pyongyang to Canada in April of that year, and flew from Canada to the United States in April of that year. He participated in the American Taekwondo Academic Symposium. He was personally in charge of a wheelchair and a hanging needle. The meeting. This was the most memorable and most touching scene at this meeting, and it was also the last time people saw General Cui Hongxi in public. The general passed away two months later. Before he was dying, he hoped to write only the words "Taekwondo" on his coffin, and his last words were very brief-"Before leaving this world, I can finish what I want to do. Such a person is the happiest! "
On June 15, 2002, the founder of Taekwondo, the great General Cui Hongxi died of advanced cancer at the age of 84.
The times are constantly changing, and as it changes, Taekwondo will continue to develop and extend. However, the unremitting Taekwondo spirit left by General Cui Hongxi to future generations will never change!
International Taekwondo Federation System
In September 1961, South Korea established the Tangdo Association, which was later renamed the Taekwondo Association and became the official competition of the National Games. On March 22, 1966, Taekwondo founder General Cui Hongxi founded the first international organization, the International Taekwondo Federation (North Korea ITF). At that time, 9 countries joined. However, after General Cui Hongxi's death in 2002, ITF quickly split into three major organizations, chaired by General Cui Hongxi's parent-child Cui Zhonghua Shi Sheng, International Olympic Committee senior member Zhang Xiong and Chairman of the Austrian International Taekwondo Federation Master Tran Trieu Quan. The process and the reasons for the split are roughly as follows: In early 2002, Cui Chonghua, who had once executed the assassination of the South Korean president for North Korean officials, has already established his own portal, and has been accepted by a group of black belt teachers in South Korea. At the same time, General Cui Hongxi announced When Cui Chonghua was removed from membership, Cui Chonghua regarded it as a major motivation to return ITF to Korea. After the death of General Choi in June, the International Taekwondo Federation, which has been hosted by him and funded by the North Korean government, continues to be hosted by the North Korean Sports Ministry official and International Olympic Committee member Zhang Xiong, so all North Korean ITF black belts The International Taekwondo Federation shed by President Zhang Xiong. Master Tran Trieu Quan, a Vietnamese officer, was imprisoned by the Viet Cong Army during the Vietnam War. Therefore, he has always resolutely opposed to working for North Korea. The International Taekwondo Alliance he belongs to mainly owns ITF in most European capitalist countries. member. In addition, Master Pu Shushui hopes to unify the ITF with WTF Taekwondo and realize "One world, one taekwondo." Today, he has parted ways with President Zhang Xiong and established the ITAC (Allied International taekwondo Council) in Canada. In Hong Kong, the three major branches also have branches, including INO140ITF Hong Kong and Macau Alliance of Chong Chonghua Master Shengliu and INO334 (Dandi Boxing Association), and Hong Kong Headquarters of the International Taekwondo Alliance (ITFHK) of Zhang Xiong. And Master Tran's Hong Kong Taekwondo Federation (HKTF).
In Taiwan, there are currently 2 units in promotion. In 2005, WTF Coach Mao Maojie (Kukkiwon World 9th Section, Cangxuan International Taekwondo Alliance CHITF 9th, International Taekwondo Alliance ITF 8th), Liu Yifeng (International Taekwondo Alliance ITF 4th) ), Coach Zheng Jiazhen (6th KUKKIWON World Taekwondo Federation, ITF 5th International Taekwondo Federation) began to promote ITF in Taiwan, a system belonging to President Zhang Xiong; in 2009 the Republic of China International Taekwondo Federation Promotion Association was established and is the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the People ’s Republic of China Licensed with the International Taekwondo Federation, the main purpose is to promote the International Taekwondo Federation ITF technology and related matters in Taiwan. The founding chairman is Mr. Ou Maojie. Coach Ou Maojie and Coach Zheng Jiazhen have been promoting ITF and WTF Taekwondo for many years, and are committed to studying the issues of international Taekwondo organization negotiation.
In Japan, the division of the ITF has also separated the four heavenly kings. Li Zhongmu is a member of the Technical Committee and Chong Chonghua is the member of the Technical Committee. Huang Huayi and Park Yeh Hyun are members of the Standing Committee of the Japan International Taekwondo Federation. Sushui Yong continued to serve as a four-level teacher under Master Tran.