Standards are a magic weapon for the industry's independent innovation and leapfrog development, as well as the guarantee of national scientific development and social harmony. In developing the socialist market economy, we must attach great importance to the formulation and improvement of standards.
Standards are "laws" that regulate market economy objects
The essence of the standard is unity, which is a unified regulation of repetitive things and concepts. The task of the standard is to regulate, and the object of its adjustment is various market economy objects. Standards, laws and regulations are like the second wheel of a car and the two wings of a bird, which together guarantee the efficient and normal operation of the market economy. According to the binding force of standards, China divides standards into two categories: mandatory standards and recommended standards. As far as compulsory standards are concerned, its implementation with national coercive force is a technical regulation in itself; once the latter is accepted and adopted, or the parties agree to be included in the economic contract, it becomes a technical basis that all parties must comply with. It is also legally binding.
The strategic status of standards is increasingly prominent
The wave of economic globalization has raised standard competition to a strategic position. The world is changing rapidly, and standard competition is like sailing against the water. Only by fully understanding the important role of standards in international competition and thoroughly implementing the standardization strategy, can we be in an active position in the fierce international competition and realize the leap-forward development of industry and economy. At present, China is in an important period of historical development opportunities. General Secretary Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao have called for the formulation of important technical standards in several important speeches. The Outline of the National Medium- and Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development Plan (2006-2020) clearly identifies the implementation of technology standard strategies as one of the two major strategies for the development of science and technology in China. This fully shows that the standardization strategy has risen to the national will.
Standards are important technical support for national economic and social development
At the macro level, standards are relevant to the overall development of the socialist market economy. Standards are an important guarantee for the comprehensive implementation of the scientific outlook on development. The basic requirements of scientific development are comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable. To achieve sustainable development, the core issue is to realize the coordinated development of economy, society, population, resources and environment. Only by implementing strict standards for resource utilization and environmental protection can companies be promoted from the source to save resources and energy, reduce and prevent environmental pollution, and achieve sustainable and healthy economic development. At the micro level, standards are about the survival and development of an enterprise. Standards are the basis for the production and management of an enterprise. High standards have high quality.
The standard is the "pass" to the international market
As trade liberalization advances globally, standards have become the main manifestation of new trade protectionism in developed countries. With the rise of new protectionist forces, trade frictions caused by standards will continue to intensify. To achieve the smooth progress of international trade, products must cross the "hurdle" of standards. Statistics from the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine show that in 2006, 31.4% of China's export enterprises were affected to varying degrees by foreign technical barriers represented by standards.
Standard is the commanding height of market competition
"Those who get the standard win the world." Standards determine market control. In this sense, standards are also a rule of the game. Whose technology becomes the standard and who sets the standard recognized by the world will gain huge market and economic benefits. In the era of the knowledge economy, the leading characteristics of market competition standards are particularly prominent. Through the integration of standards and patents, patent standardization and standard monopoly can be achieved to maximize market share and monopoly profits. Therefore, there are "second-class companies selling products, first-class companies selling patents, and super-first-class companies selling standards". From this we can see that standard competition has become a deeper, higher level and more influential form of competition after product competition and brand competition.